2012. április 19., csütörtök

Marx és a "kapitalizmus" kritikája

Találtam ezt a nagyon érdekes cikket John Lanchester-től (aki egy író) a TEK Review-t böngészve. Ahogyan ők is kiemelik a szövegből:

"Marx doesn’t use the word ‘capitalism’. The term never occurs in the finished first part of Das Kapital. (I checked this by doing a word search and found it three times, every time an apparent mistranslation or loose use of the German plural Kapitals – in German he never talks of Kapitalismus.) Since he is widely, and accurately, seen as capitalism’s greatest critic, this is quite an omission. The terms he preferred were ‘political economy’ and ‘bourgeois political economy’, which he saw as encompassing everything from property rights to our contemporary idea of human rights to the very conception of the independent autonomous individual. I think he didn’t use the word ‘capitalism’ because that would have implied that capitalism was one of a number of competing possible systems – and Marx didn’t believe that. He didn’t think it was possible to move past capitalism without a fundamental overturning of the existing social, political and philosophical order."

Vagy eleve, amivel az egész szöveg indul:
"In trying to think what Marx would have made of the world today, we have to begin by stressing that he was not an empiricist. He didn’t think that you could gain access to the truth by gleaning bits of data from experience, ‘data points’ as scientists call them, and then assembling a picture of reality from the fragments you’ve accumulated."

Lanchester beszél erről egy előadásában is, amit itt (a szövegénél) meg lehet hallgatni. Ebben többek között pl. az empirizmus kérdéséről, így a modellezés problémáiról is beszél, kifejezetten a közgazdaságtanban.

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